Standards & Frameworks


I. An effective arts curriculum provides a sequential program of instruction in dance, music, theatre, and visual arts for all students beginning in preschool and continuing through high school.

II. An effective arts curriculum emphasizes development of students’ skills and understanding of creating, performing, and responding.

III. An effective arts curriculum promotes knowledge and understanding of the historical and cultural contexts of the arts.

IV. An effective arts curriculum uses a variety of assessment methods to evaluate what students know and are able to do.

V. An effective arts curriculum provides opportunities for students to make connections among the arts, with other disciplines within the core curriculum, and with arts resources in the community.

PreK–12 STANDARD 1 Methods, Materials, and Techniques Students will demonstrate knowledge of the methods, materials, and techniques unique to the visual arts.

PreK–12 STANDARD 2 Elements and Principles of Design Students will demonstrate knowledge of the elements and principles of design.

PreK–12 STANDARD 3 Observation, Abstraction, Invention, and Expression Students will demonstrate their powers of observation, abstraction, invention, and expression in a variety of media, materials, and techniques.

PreK–12 STANDARD 4 Drafting, Revising, and Exhibiting Students will demonstrate knowledge of the processes of creating and exhibiting artwork: drafts, critique, self-assessment, refinement, and exhibit preparation.

PreK–12 STANDARD 5 Critical Response Students will describe and analyze their own work and the work of others using appropriate visual arts vocabulary. When appropriate, students will connect their analysis to interpretation and evaluation.

PreK–12 STANDARD 6 Purposes and Meanings in the Arts Students will describe the purposes for which works of dance, music, theatre, visual arts, and architecture were and are created, and, when appropriate, interpret their meanings.

PreK–12 STANDARD 7 Roles of Artists in Communities Students will describe the roles of artists, patrons, cultural organizations, and arts institutions in societies of the past and present.

PreK–12 STANDARD 8 Concepts of Style, Stylistic Influence, and Stylistic Change Students will demonstrate their understanding of styles, stylistic influence, and stylistic change by identifying when and where art works were created, and by analyzing characteristic features of art works from various historical periods, cultures, and genres.

PreK–12 STANDARD 9 Inventions, Technologies, and the Arts Students will describe and analyze how performing and visual artists use and have used materials, inventions, and technologies in their work.

PreK–12 STANDARD 10 Interdisciplinary Connections Students will apply their knowledge of the arts to the study of English language arts, foreign languages, health, history and social science, mathematics, and science and technology/engineering.